kidney stones treatment

Which Treatment is Best to Remove Kidney Stones?

Doctors determine the kidney stones’ size, type, and location and then commence their treatment. Stones of size less than 10mm have greater chances of passing through the urinary tract. Patients able to pass the stones through the urinary tract need to preserve them in a container.

It is because the kidney stone is sent for lab testing, which will help determine its type. Doctors usually recommend that patients drink plenty of fluids and prescribe certain pain relievers. With time, kidney stones might get enlarged and create a blockage of the urinary tract. It can induce unbearable pain. 

Patients might sometimes feel dehydrated because of the formation of kidney stones. It can also lead to vomiting and extensive pain. So patients will require immediate medical attention and should be rushed to the hospitals. Medical personnel can address the issue, starting the treatment with IV fluids. 

Methods of Effectively Removing Kidney Stones

The best kidney stones treatment entirely depends on the size and type of the kidney stones. After determining the nature of the stone, healthcare professionals might prescribe medicines. It will considerably help break down or decrease the size of the stones.

Here is a comprehensive listing of all the medicines usually prescribed by doctors. They are:

  • Sodium citrate or sodium bicarbonate
  • Diuretics
  • Allopurinol for curing uric acid stones
  • Water pills or thiazide diuretics
  • Antibiotics for healing struvite stones
  • Phosphate solutions

Patients might need to undergo kidney stone surgery if the stones increase in size. If these create a blockage in the urine flow, it may necessitate surgery. Otherwise, it will lead to urine infection, leading to kidney damage. 

If the stones keep growing and the patients feel excruciating pain, they need immediate medical attention. Some of the surgical methods of removing kidney stones are:

  • Shockwave Lithotripsy

This surgical method uses X-rays and sound waves to locate and break up kidney stones. It can easily break down stones less than 2 cm in size. It makes the stones possible to flow out from the urinary tract.

  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

This surgical method is undertaken for typically treating kidney stones larger than 2cm. These stones reside in such places where they are tough to find. So surgeons make a small incision at the back and form a narrow tunnel, allowing them to remove the large stones.

A small tube is attached to the kidney for letting the urine flow while the patient heals from the surgery.

  • Ureteroscopy and Cystoscopy

It is the most commonly used surgical method for treating kidney stones. With the help of Holmium laser lithotripsy, the stones are broken up, often removing the stone fragments. A ureteroscope is inserted through the urethral opening along with a small laser fibre. It helps in breaking up the stone, thereby making it easy to remove it.

To Conclude

There is nothing called the best treatment or method for removing your kidney stones. Doctors can only determine the best treatment after finding out the nature of the stones. Patients can always reach out to the best doctors and physicians of Max Hospitals for further assistance.

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